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We all want to enjoy healthy, blemish-free smiles, but the truth is that, sometimes, dental problems develop despite our best efforts. In today’s article, our Glendale dentists are sharing some information about types of dental damage, and levels of severity.

Before we talk about dental problems, we first need to review the basic structure of a tooth. Keep in mind that teeth are not solid and inert, rather, they are comprised of different layers:

  • Dental enamel

This is the outermost layer of the tooth; it is sturdy and free of nerves. Thanks to dental enamel, you’re able to bite and chew comfortably. The enamel is tasked with protecting the inner layers of the tooth, which are more vulnerable.

  • Dentin

The dentin sits directly under the dental enamel. Dentin is more porous than enamel, and so it is more susceptible to infection and damage. Also, dentin is slightly yellower than enamel.

  • Dental pulp

The core of the tooth holds dental pulp, which contains nerves, blood vessels, and living tissues. This is the most fragile tooth layer. If your pulp is damaged, you’ll likely experience significant discomfort.

Generally speaking, the further into a tooth that an infection or damage gets, the more expensive, time intensive, and involved treatment is.

Damaged dental enamel can often be treated quickly and comfortably with a simple filling or dental bonding. However, when dentin or dental pulp is affected, our team may recommend more extensive restorative treatment. Dental restorations, for example, are used to rebuild missing tooth portions. Infected dental pulp often requires root canal therapy, during which our team clears away the nerves, roots, and tissues that sit in the dental core.

As you can see, prompt identification and treatment can make a world of difference when it comes to treating cavities as well as cracks and chips. Reach out to our Glendale restorative dentists at the first sign of trouble!


You’ve spoken and our Glendale cosmetic dentist have heard you loud and clear: many of you feel that it can be pretty tough to pick the perfect cosmetic dentistry treatment for your smile. That is why we are putting together this article series on various aesthetic treatments. Today, we’re getting started by giving you more information about veneers and LUMINEERS.

What are LUMINEERS and veneers used for?

Both of these aesthetic restorations are designed to cover the visible portion of a patient’s tooth. Once the veneer or LUMINEER is in place, it completely resurfaces and transforms the tooth’s appearance. Using these treatments you can close gaps between teeth, lengthen disproportionately short enamel, and even make uneven teeth appear straighter.

What is the main difference between them?

Veneers and LUMINEERS are quite similar. The primary difference is the type of porcelain used. LUMINEERS are crafted from Cerinate porcelain, which is exceptionally strong. Due to the strength of Cerinate porcelain, LUMINEERS are made to be even thinner than traditional veneers. LUMINEERS, are therefore less bulky, and require less reduction of natural tooth enamel when they are placed.

How long does treatment take?

One of the major advantages of both LUMINEERS and veneers is that they can be completed in just a few dental appointments. First your teeth will be prepped, then an impression will be taken. Once your final veneers or LUMINEERS are crafted, our team permanently bonds them to the natural tooth surface. Veneers and LUMINEERS allow you to achieve a total smile transformation quickly and conveniently.

How long do they last?

Both veneers and LUMINEERS are designed to be permanent additions to your smile. With proper care, they can last for decades before they need to be replaced. Additionally, because porcelain is naturally stain resistant, they will remain looking bright and fresh as time goes on.

We hope that you now have a better idea of what veneers and LUMINEERS can do for your smile. Check back soon for info from our Glendale cosmetic dentists about additional aesthetic dentistry options!



There is so much misinformation out there about oral herpes, or cold sores. Unfortunately, misleading info can keep patients from seeing treatment, and developing adequate treatment and management plans. That is why our Glendale dentists have put together this short article on cold sore development. We hope that you find this helpful!

Cold sores are caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). HSV-1 is highly contagious; The Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports that almost 50 percent of adults in the United States have it. HSV-1 can be passed on by kissing, and by sharing drinks, eating utensils, or oral hygiene tools. Many people actually contract HSV-1 as children.

Most us of call the oral herpes called by HSV-1 “cold sores” or “fever blisters.”

  • Usually, cold sores develop on the lips. However, it is possible for these sores to appear elsewhere on the face, like on the chin, cheek, or inside of the nose.
  • Most patients will experience an outbreak shortly after HSV-1 exposure; this is called primary herpes. You may notice individual cold sores, or sore, swollen oral tissues. For some patients, they will never experience another instance of observable symptoms.
  • People who experience recurrent oral herpes episodes will likely deal with discrete cold sores, which last for about 8 to 10 days. Generally speaking, subsequent episodes are milder than the initial outbreak was. Cold sores start out as tender, red, and sore, and then gradually crust over as they heal. It is particularly important that you not exfoliate or pick at these lesions; this can delay the healing process and cause scaring.

If you are dealing with cold sores, please don’t panic! This is a very common issue for both children and adults. Remember: these sores will heal on their own, so the best thing that you can do is to keep the area clean, use topical ointments to minimize discomfort, and otherwise leave it alone. You also want to refrain from kissing and sharing food/drink while the sore is active, as this is how HSV-1 spreads from person to person.

As always, our Glendale dentists are more than happy to answer any questions that you may have—give us a call to get started!